This page provides text-critical notes to the Sanskrit text of The Birth of Kumára (Kumārasaṃbhava). This is a corrected and expanded version of the notes in the printed edition (pp. 348–50).

The Sanskrit text is based on the Sanskrit text transmitted to Vállabha·deva (early tenth century), who is perhaps the earliest surviving commentator on ‘The Birth of Kumára’ and even, conceivably, the earliest surviving commentator on any kāvya. I give Kali·dasa’s text as published by M. S. Narayana Murti. Sometimes I follow instead the text of Gautam Patel, often as it happens where that text coincides with Malli·natha’s text; and occasionally I reject both and adopt the reading of Malli·natha. In three instances I follow other editions.

Bibliography

Kumārasaṃbhava of Kālidāsa. Critically edited by Suryakanta. Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1962.

Vallabhadeva's Kommentar (Śāradā Version) zum Kumārasambhava. Edited by M. S. Narayana Murti. Verzeichnis der orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland, Supplementband 20,1. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1980.

mahākavikālidāsaviracitam kumārasambhavam śriānandadevāyanivallabhadevaviracitayā pañjikayā sametam. Edited by Gautam Patel. Ahmedabad: Gautama Vādīlāla Patela, 1986.

Notes

My deviations from Murti’s Sanskrit text are as follows:
Mall. = Malli·natha
Vall. = Vallabha·deva

1.9cd

prasūtaḥ sānūni gandhaḥ with Patel and Mall. samīraḥ sānūni gandhaiḥ in Murti.

1.19

omitted in Murti

1.34b

vikrameṣu with Mall. vibhrameṣu in Murti’s verse 33.

1.42

omitted by Vall. and Mall.

2.3ab

te sarve with Patel and Mall. sarve te in Murti.

2.12a

udghātaḥ with Mall. udgīthaḥ in Murti.

2.15b

śāśvataḥ with Mall. śāśvatam in Murti.

2.16a

stutīḥ with Patel and Mall. nutīḥ in Murti.

2.57b

udyantaṃ with Patel and Mall. udyataṃ in Murti.

2.60a

voḍhum with Mall. soḍhum in Murti.

2.61b

saināpatyam with Mall. senāpatyam in Murti.

3.4a

pada|kāṅkṣiṇā with Mall. phala|kāṅkṣiṇā in Murti.

3.6b

prayukta|rāga|praṇidhir with Patel and Mall. prayukta|rāga|praṇidher in Murti.

3.7d

niṣakta with with Patel and Mall. viṣakta in Murti.

3.8c

tasyāḥ with Patel and Mall. yasyāḥ in Murti.

3.10a

tava prasādāt Patel and Mall. bhavat|prasādāt in Murti.

3.22c

Airāvaṇ’| with Patel and Mall. dig|vāraṇ’| in Murti.

3.28b

nirgandhatayā with Patel and Mall. nirgandham iti in Murti.

3.30c

bāl'|âruṇa| with Patel and Mall. bāl’|ātāpa| in Murti.

3.37a

rasāt paṅkaja|reṇu|gandhi with Mall. saraḥ|paṅkaja|reṇu|gandhi in Murti.

3.38a

gīt’|ântareṣu with Patel and Mall. gīt’|ântare ca in Murti.

3.38d

cucumbe with Mall. cucumba in Murti.

3.46c

kaṇṭha|prabhā|saṅga with Patel and Mall. kaṇṭha|prabh”|âbhyakta| in Murti.

3.51d

śaraṃ cāpam with Mall. śar’|âvāpam in Murti.

3.54c

paryāpta with Mall. saṃjāta|puṣpa| in Murti.

3.57c

jit’|êndriye with Patel and Mall. yat’|îndriye in Murti.

3.58c

c’ ântaḥ param’|ātma|saṃjñaṃ with Patel and Mall. c’ ântargatam ātma|saṃjñaṃ in Murti.

3.68b

sphuṭad| with and Patel and Mall. sphurad| in Murti.

4.2d

|vilupta|darśanam with Patel and Mall. |nimagna|darśanam in Murti.

4.16d

ālāpa|nisarga|paṇḍitām with Patel and Mall. ālāpa|visarga|paṇḍitām in Murti.

4.20a

aham with Patel and Mall. iyam in Murti.

4.25d

Madhur with Patel and Mall. ṛtur in Murti.

4.30d

pradhūmitām with Patel and Mall. pradūṣitām in Murti.

4.31a

ardha| with Patel and Mall. adya in Murti.

4.36d

māṃ vinā with Patel and Mall. mad|vinā in Murti.

4.40d

ârciṣi with Mall. ârciṣām in Murti.

4.42d

svena niyojayiṣyati with Patel and Mall. svena sa yojayiṣyati in Murti.

5.10a

vikriyāṃ with Patel and Mall. kṛta|rūpa|vikriyā in Murti (verse 9a).

5.14d

vātsalyam with Patel and Mall. putra|vāllabhyam in Murti.

5.15b

tasyāṃ with Patel and Mall. tasyā in Murti (verse 13b).

5.16c

'bhyupāgaman with Mall. apy upāgaman in Murti (verse 15c).

5.18a

pūrva|tapaḥ|samādhinā with Mall. sarva|samādhi|sādhanaṃ in Murti (verse 17a).

5.25b

vāta|vṛṣṭiṣu with Mall. varṣa|vṛṣṭiṣu in Murti (verse 24b).

5.26a

s” âtyanta|him’|ôtkir’|ânilāḥ with Mall. s” âtyartha|him’|ôttar’|ânilāḥ in Murti (verse 25a).

5.29b

svam aṅgaṃ glapayanty with Patel and Mall. tad|aṅgaṃ kṣapyanty in Murti (verse 28b).

5.35c

ya utpal'|âkṣi! pracalair vilocanais with Mall. ya utpala|kṣepa|calair vilokitais in Murti (verse 34c).

5.38b

bhāvini! with Mall. bhāmini! in Murti (verse 37b).

5.40a

ato ’tra with Patel and Mall. ato ’dya in Murti (verse 39a).

5.42d

kṛś’|ôdari with Patel and Mall. tan’|ûdari in Murti (verse 41d).

5.50c

tad|ardha|bhāgena with Patel. tato ’rdha|bhāgena in Murti (verse 49c).

5.54b

Pur’|ârim with Mall. Smar’|ârim in Murti (verse 53b).

5.60b

eṣv api with Patel and Mall. etayā in Murti (verse 59b).

5.66c

bhujena with Patel. kareṇa in Murti (verse 65c).

5.68d

vikīrṇa|keś'|âsthi| with Suryakanta (IOL29). vikīrṇa|keśāsu pareta|bhūmiṣu in Murti (verse 67d).

5.79c

nṛty’|âbhinaya| with Mall. nṛtt’|âbhinaya| in Murti (verse 78c).

5.85a

âṅga|yaṣṭir with Patel and Mall. âṅga|sandhir in Murti (verse 84a).

5.85b

nikṣepaṇāya with Mall. nikṣepa eva in Murti (verse 84b).

5.86a

avanat'|âṅgi with Mall. anavam’|âṅgi in Murti (verse 85a).

5.86d

phalena with Mall. phale na in Murti (verse 85d).

6.5b

ôtkira with Mall. ôttara in Murti.

6.21c

āvedyate with Patel and Mall. ākhyāyate in Murti.

6.24c

cintit’|ôpasthitāṃs with Patel and Mall. cintit’|ôpagatāṃs in Murti.

6.36a

te c’ ākāśam with Mall. ta ākāśam in Murti.

6.36d

sama|raṃhasaḥ with Mall. saha mānasāḥ in Murti.

6.48c

avaterur with Patel and Mall. avapetur in Murti.

6.51d

su|vyakto with Patel and Mall. suvyañjo in Murti.

6.53d

bhūdhar’|ēśvaraḥ with Patel and Mall. jagatī|dharaḥ in Murti.

6.58a

praiṣya|bhāve vaḥ with Patel and Mall. praiṣya|pakṣe vaḥ in Murti.

6.58c

manye with Patel and Mall. tadd hi in Murti.

6.60b

bhāsvatāṃ with Mall. bhāsvatā in Murti.

6.63c

kāryam with Mall. kṛtyam in Murti.

6.76c

yen’ with Mall. yasy’ in Murti.

6.86

omitted in Murti.

6.86b

samīpsitam with Patel.

6.87b

vimṛśya with Patel and Mall. vicārya in Murti.

7.5c

saṃbandhi with Mall. saṃbandha in Murti.

7.9b

kṛt’|âṅga|rāgām with Mall. ras’|âṅga|rāgām in Murti.

7.18b

vimṛṣṭa with Mall. visṛṣṭa in Murti.

7.30d

Pura|śāsanasya with Patel and Mall. Smara|śāsanasya in Murti.

7.36b

vidher vidhātā with Mall. vidhir vidhātā in Murti.

7.43d

saṃvardhayantau with Patel and Mall. samedhayantau in Murti.

7.68c

dhāraṇ’|ôccam with Patel and Mall. pālan’|ôccam in Murti (verse 67c).

7.68d

uccaistaraṃ with Patel and Mall. uccaistarāṃ in Murti (verse 67d).

7.76c

Umā|tanau with Mall. Um”|ātmanā in Murti (verse 76c (sic.)).

7.78d

kathyate with Patel and Mall. kathyatāṃ in Murti.

7.79

not in Murti or Patel

7.94b

ādadānaḥ with Patel and Mall. ādadhānaḥ in Murti (verse 93b).

8.14c

mekhal”|âpanaya| with AN. mekhalā|praṇaya| in Murti.

8.14d

rurodha sā with Patel and Mall. rurodha ca in Murti.

8.23a

valay’ with Patel and Mall. caraṇ’ in Murti.

8.28b

vanitā|sakhaḥ with Patel and Mall. dayitā|sakhaḥ in Murti.

8.36b

barha|maṇḍalaḥ with Suryakanta (Foulkes). gaura|maṇḍalam in Murti.

8.45d

vartitāḥ with Patel and Mall. sādhu maṇḍitāḥ in Murti.

8.46a

bhū|bhṛtā with Mall. bhūbhṛtāṃ in Murti.

8.46c

c' ātmanaḥ with Patel. c’ ātmanā in Murti.

8.51b

n’ ânyayā with Foulkes variants and Sītārāma. ’ham anyathā in Murti.

8.64b

sāmi|bhinna with Mall. bhina|sāndra|timiraṃ in Murti.