This page contains a full list of variants and emendations to the Sanskrit text which are not included in the printed edition of Maha·bhárata Book IV: Viráta.

On occasion it was felt necessary to emend the text as presented in the edition available to me, usually due to a transparent case of typographical error, but also in cases where it seemed faulty or incomprehensible. In such cases, emendations have been made with reference to the Critical Edition and its extensive critical notes, and have generally followed variants from manuscripts of the same group within the genetic typology of the manuscript tradition.

Edition K: The Mahābhāratam with the Bharata Bhawadeepa Commentary of Nīlakaṇṭha. Edited by Ramachandrashastri Kinjawadekar. 1929–36. 7 vols. Poona: Chitrashala Press. (repr. New Delhi: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation, 1978; 2nd ed. 1979). Vol. 4 Virāṭa Parva.

Critical Edition (CE): The Mahābhārata. Critically edited by V. K. Sukthankar, S. K. Belvalkar, P. L. Vaidya et al. 1933–66. 19 vols. Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.

Variants and Emendations

1.5

Dharmād (CE); Dharmo (K)

1.19

śakṣyāmahe (CE); vakṣyāmahe (K)

1.19

kartuṃ yo yat, sa tat karma bravītu (CE); āsādya Matsyaṃ, tat karmā brūta (K)

3.18

loke (CE); lokaṃ (K)

4.41

c’ âpi yo vaset (CE); yo ’pi vā bhavet. (K)

4.42

prārthayeta (conjectural); prārthayata (K)

4.48

haset (CE); vaset (K)

5.29

dṛḍha|rūpāṇy (CE); divya|rūpāṇy (K)

7.17

ânuvādeyur (CE); anuvāde ’yur (K)

8.11

kuśalaṃ hi bhāṣase (CE); kuśala prabhāṣase (K)

9.9

preṣayanti ca (CE); preṣayant” îva (K)

9.9

ca vividhān (K); c’ âivaṃ vidhān (CE)

9.22

no ced iha tu (CE); na ced icchati (K)

9.25

tvāṃ gacchet sarva|cetasā (CE); gacchet sarveṇa cetasā (K)

10.12

tuṣṭaḥ (CE); dṛṣṭaḥ (K)

11.2

bahūṁś ca dīrghāṁś ca vikīrya mūrdhajān (CE); bāhū ca dīrghān pravikīrya mūrdhajān (K)

13.41

sma (CE); sa (K)

14.1

samatyayuḥ (CE); samāyayuḥ (K)

22.67

sparghayā (CE); spardhayā (K)

24.10

tām (CE); tvām (K)

24.16

yasyāḥ (CE); purā (K)

26.17

v’ ôrmim (CE); c’ ôrmim (K)

26.17

v’ âpi (CE); c’ âpi (K)

30.18

aty|antaṃ (CE); bhatyantaṃ (K)

32.8

vyatiṣiktāni (CE); vyatiṣaktāni (K)

33.25

dṛṣyatām (CE); paśyatām (K)

34.7

tath” âbhivādinaṃ (CE); tath” êti vādinaṃ (K)

51.16

a|bhidyamāne (CE); abhiṣajyamāne (K)

58.58

titakṣantau raṇ’ êṣubhiḥ (CE); tad akṣatur ath’ êṣubhiḥ. (K)

68.16

alaṃ vijetuṃ (CE); atīva jetuṃ (K)

68.55

mahā|bāhor (CE); mahā|baho (K)

69.4

vīryavān (CE); ṣaḍ|rathān (K)

72.3

bahu|mataś (CE); bahutamaś (K)

72.3

âhaṃ (CE); âsaṃ (K)